Border enforcement, the foundation in building a nationâ€™s security, is an important line of defense against threats entering Iraq.
The Marines of the Border Transition Team for the Iraqi 5th Brigade, 2nd Region train, mentor and advise Iraqâ€™s department of border enforcement on a daily basis, ensuring security of the region.
The BTT members, all augments of the 3rd Marine Aircraft Wing, work most frequently with the Desert Wolves, the headquarters of the 5th Brigade, who heads three battalions responsible for deterring all illegal cross-border activity in their area of operations.
The mission of the Desert Wolves includes securing the Iraqi-Jordanian and Syrian borders, preventing terrorists and smugglers from entering the country. They work out of border forts â€” small cement structures located just inland of the border, to prevent any illegal entries.
â€œBy degrading the enemyâ€™s access to weapons and reinforcements into the country, the Desert Wolves are establishing a safer place for the free-Iraqi people and the coalition forces here to support them,â€ said Capt. Wade Fairbanks, the operations officer for the BTT.
â€œWe are trying to train the Desert Wolves to function effectively as a unit and support their subordinate units,â€ continued Fairbanks. â€œInstead of providing solutions for our counterparts, our focus is helping them develop their own solutions.â€
The BTT trains the Desert Wolves in every aspect; from logistics and communication to the fundamentals of leadership. They teach them the importance of working through a chain-of-command and documenting all work procedures. The team, along with members of the U.S. Border Patrol, monitors all training evolutions to ensure technical and tactical proficiency.
When working with the Desert Wolves, the BTT conforms to the Iraqi custom of becoming friends with the unitâ€™s personnel before conducting business. Friendships and familiar faces create trust, and teaching begins once that trust is established.
Since the department of border enforcement rotates shifts regularly the Marines face challenges in making progress with the new staff.
To combat the complexities of the continuously fluid environment, the Marines use ingenuity and wit to accomplish their mission, explained Fairbanks.
â€œOur daily presence is what is making a difference,â€ explained WO1 Oscar Gonzalez, the logistics officer for the BTT.
As the Iraqis begin adapting the procedures taught by the Marines, the BTT can assume the role of a supervisor. One example of success for the Desert Wolves is their first Iraqi-planned and executed convoy from Al-Waleed to Baghdad, some 550 kilometers away.
â€œThe Marines have made most of the soldiers here become â€˜real soldiersâ€™ by pushing them into a military way of life,â€ said Iraqi Staff Col. Attia Al-Ali, the superior officer for the Desert Wolves. â€œThe Marines provide my guys with constant training in communications, logistics, medical training, inspections and even ethics.â€
We now have a unit that can secure and control the borders of Iraq, explained Al-Ali.
â€œWe could not do our job without the help of the Marines and the coalition forces,â€ he concluded.
By Cpl. Jessica Aranda
3rd Marine Aircraft Wing (Fwd.) Public Affairs Office